If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the authors should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) or review boards (e.g., Institutional Review Board [IRB]), have approved them. For experiments involving human subjects, authors must identify the committee (e.g., IRB) approving the experiments and include with their submission a statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects

For human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans: WMA Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.

All animal experiments should comply with the  U.S. Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. If the work was performed outside the US, the authors must include a statement that it was conducted in compliance with the relevant guidelines for animal experiments.

Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the JFS, the AAFS or Wiley upon request.

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